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Descriptions & Duties

  • Judges administer law and justice in a court. They also conduct pre-trial review, resolve administrative disputes, facilitate negotiations between opposing parties, and issue legal decisions. They are also responsible for studying documents on pleadings and motions to ascertain facts and arguments; instructing juries on applicable laws; hearing all the witnesses and the evidence presented by the barristers of the case and assessing the credibility and arguments of the parties; issuing ruling on the matter based on their interpretation of the law and their personal judgment.

Generic Competencies

Physical Abilities

Physical abilities

  • Physical strength
  • Eye hand coordination / precision / dexterity


Importance:1 (Max:5) 

Skill is rarely required


Technology Skills

Technology skills

  • Computer literacy
  • Application of technology


Importance:3 (Max:5) 

Skill is basically required


Cognitive Abilities

Cognitive abilities

  • Creativity
  • Visualisation
  • Logical thinking


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Comprehension And Expression

Comprehension and expression skills

  • Reading comprehension
  • Oral / written expression


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Social Skills

Social skills

  • Communication
  • Negotiation
  • Persuasion


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Organisation And Execution Skills

Organisation and execution skills

  • Planning
  • Organising
  • Judgement
  • Decision making


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Problem Solving Skills

Problem solving skills

  • Ability to solve simple and complex problems effectively and efficiently


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Management Skills

Management skills

  • Leadership
  • Management of finance / time / people / other resources


Importance:4 (Max:5) 

Skill is frequently required


Trade Specific Competencies

Professional legal knowledge and skills

Judges must apply rules of law and made judgement on specific meanings of the law when evaluating and deciding the case.

Professional knowledge in judicial system and procedure

Judges must have good knowledge in Hong Kong judicial system and court procedures at all levels.

Professional skills in reading, listening and writing

Judges must have good reading, listening and writing skills.

General Requirements

Academic qualification

  • must have a bachelor's degree in law

Professional qualification

  • must complete a Postgraduate Certificate in Laws


  • have substantial professional experience in the field

Other specific requirements

  • must have been qualified as legal practitioners either in Hong Kong or in another common law jurisdiction. They are appointed by the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on the recommendation of the Judicial Officers Recommendation Commission.

Career Path & Salary

Government Sector

Monthly Salary Judicial Pay Scale Point 1-6

Monthly Salary Judicial Pay Scale Point 7-10

Monthly Salary Judicial Pay Scale Point 10

Monthly Salary Judicial Pay Scale Point 11

Monthly Salary Judicial Pay Scale Point 12

*For more details on Civil Service Pay Scales, please visit website of the Civil Service Bureau.

Work Environment

  • Judges do most of their work in offices and courtrooms. They may work additional hours to prepare for hearings.


  • Digital video players
  • Digital audio recorders
  • Gavels or sounding blocks
  • Microphones
  • Special purpose telephones
  • Teleconference equipment
  • Videoconferencing equipment

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