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Physicists & Meteorologists

Descriptions & Duties

  • Physicists & Meteorologists observe, research and interpret physical and astronomical phenomena to develop theories and increase basic scientific knowledge of human being on the basis of observation and experiments. Physicists apply physical laws and theories to practical problems. Meteorologists study weather and climate, and investigate atmospheric phenomena.

Generic Competencies

Physical Abilities

Physical abilities

  • Physical strength
  • Eye hand coordination / precision / dexterity


Importance:2 (Max:5) 

Skill is occasionally required


Technology Skills

Technology skills

  • Computer literacy
  • Application of technology


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Cognitive Abilities

Cognitive abilities

  • Creativity
  • Visualisation
  • Logical thinking


Importance:4 (Max:5) 

Skill is frequently required


Comprehension And Expression

Comprehension and expression skills

  • Reading comprehension
  • Oral / written expression


Importance:4 (Max:5) 

Skill is frequently required


Social Skills

Social skills

  • Communication
  • Negotiation
  • Persuasion


Importance:3 (Max:5) 

Skill is basically required


Organisation And Execution Skills

Organisation and execution skills

  • Planning
  • Organising
  • Judgement
  • Decision making


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Problem Solving Skills

Problem solving skills

  • Ability to solve simple and complex problems effectively and efficiently


Importance:5 (Max:5) 

Skill is required all the time


Management Skills

Management skills

  • Leadership
  • Management of finance / time / people / other resources


Importance:4 (Max:5) 

Skill is frequently required


Trade Specific Competencies

Mathematical skills

Physicists & Meteorologists perform complex calculations involving calculus, geometry, algebra, and other areas of mathematics. They must possess good mathematical skills so as to express their research in mathematical terms.

General Requirements

Academic qualification

  • A Ph.D. degree in physics, astronomy, or related field, especially for jobs that work on basic research, or at independent research positions in industry


  • Many PhD degree holders of physicists and meteorologists begin their careers in postdoctoral research position for 2 to 3 years

Career Path & Salary

Government Sector

Monthly Salary Master Pay Scale Point 27-44

Monthly Salary Master Pay Scale Point 45-49

Monthly Salary Master Pay Scale Point 27-44

Monthly Salary Master Pay Scale Point 45-49

*For more details on Civil Service Pay Scales, please visit website of the Civil Service Bureau.

Work Environment

  • Physicists & Meteorologists usually work in offices or universities.


  • Force or torque sensors - Vernier force sensors
  • Frequency analysers - Analog frequency analysers; Portable fast Fourier transform FFT analysers; Spectrum analysers; Two-channel fast Fourier transform FFT analysers
  • Frequency calibrator or simulator - Two-channel dynamic signal analysers
  • Frequency counters or timer or dividers - Photon counting systems
  • Galvanometers - Galvanostats
  • Infrared spectrometers - Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers
  • Interferometers - Mickelson interferometers; Microwave interferometers
  • Interferometers - Optical interferometers
  • Ionization chambers - Electron beam ion traps EBIT
  • Laser beam analysers - Laser power meters
  • Monochromators - Double monochromators; Grating monochromators; Scanning monochromators
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers - Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes
  • Optical beamsplitters - Optical beamsplitting devices
  • Optical breadboards - Optical tables
  • Optical choppers
  • Oscilloscopes - Digital oscilloscopes
  • Pneumatic vacuum equipment - Vacuum stations
  • Roughness measuring instruments - Surface profilometers
  • Transmission electron microscopes - Transmission electron microscopes TEM

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